Putty key generator for mac - Free Download
PuTTYgen is a key generator. It generates pairs of public and private keys to be used with WinSCP. You can also download it separately from the WinSCP download page.
When you run PuTTYgen you will see a window where you have two choices: This is a general outline of the procedure for generating a new key pair. The following sections describe the process in more detail. Your key pair is now ready for use. For more details refer to guide to setting up public key authentication. Before generating a key pair using PuTTYgen, you need to select which type of key you need.
PuTTYgen currently supports these types of key:. The SSH-2 protocol supports more than one key type. The SSH-1 protocol only supports RSA keys; if you will be connecting using the SSH-1 protocol, you must select the last key type or your key will be completely useless.
For RSA , bits should currently be sufficient for most purposes. Once you have chosen the type of key you want, and the strength of the key, press the Generate button and PuTTYgen will begin the process of actually generating the key. First, a progress bar will appear and PuTTYgen will ask you to move the mouse around to generate randomness.
Wave the mouse in circles over the blank area in the PuTTYgen window, and the progress bar will gradually fill up as PuTTYgen collects enough randomness. When the progress bar reaches the end, PuTTYgen will begin creating the key. The progress bar will reset to the start, and gradually move up again to track the progress of the key generation. It will not move evenly, and may occasionally slow down to a stop; this is unfortunately unavoidable, because key generation is a random process and it is impossible to reliably predict how long it will take.
When the key generation is complete, a new set of controls will appear in the window to indicate this. The Key fingerprint box shows you a fingerprint value for the generated key.
The fingerprint value is intended to be cryptographically secure, in the sense that it is computationally infeasible for someone to invent a second key with the same fingerprint, or to find a key with a particular fingerprint.
Another commonly used approach is to use your name and the name of the computer the key will be used on, such as simon simons-pc. To alter the key comment, just type your comment text into the Key comment box before saving the private key.
If you want to change the comment later, you can load the private key back into PuTTYgen, change the comment, and save it again. The Key passphrase and Confirm passphrase boxes allow you to choose a passphrase for your key. The passphrase will be used to encrypt the key on disk, so you will not be able to use the key without first entering the passphrase. When you save the key, PuTTYgen will check that the Key passphrase and Confirm passphrase boxes both contain exactly the same passphrase, and will refuse to save the key otherwise.
If you leave the passphrase fields blank, the key will be saved unencrypted. You should not do this without good reason; if you do, your private key file on disk will be all an attacker needs to gain access to any machine configured to accept that key. If you want to be able to passwordless log in without having to type a passphrase every time, you should consider using Pageant so that your decrypted key is only held in memory rather than on disk.
In this case we recommend you generate a special key for each specific batch script or whatever that needs one, and on the server side you should arrange that each key is restricted so that it can only be used for that specific purpose.
The documentation for your SSH server should explain how to do this it will probably vary between servers. Choosing a good passphrase is difficult. If you want your passphrase to make grammatical sense, this cuts down the possibilities a lot and you should use a longer one as a result.
Once you have generated a key, set a comment field and set a passphrase, you are ready to save your private key to disk. Press the Save private key button. PuTTYgen will put up a dialog box asking you where to save the file.
Select a directory, type in a file name, and press Save. This feature is available only in the latest beta release. Some SSH servers such as ssh. Others, such as OpenSSH, use a different format. You will then probably want to copy the public key file to your SSH server machine. This is the only existing standard for SSH-1 public keys. All SSH-1 servers require your public key to be given to it in a one-line format before it will accept authentication with your private key.
The latest beta version of WinSCP can show you the public key too. PuTTYgen allows you to load an existing private key file into memory. If you do this, you can then change the passphrase and comment before saving it again; you can also make extra copies of the public key. To load an existing key, press the Load button. PuTTYgen will display a dialog box where you can browse around the file system and find your key file.
Once you select the file, PuTTYgen will ask you for a passphrase if necessary and will then display the key details in the same way as if it had just generated the key. If you use the Load command to load a foreign key format, it will work, but you will see a message box warning you that the key you have loaded is not a PuTTY native key.
See below for information about importing foreign key formats. Most SSH-1 clients use a standard format for storing private keys on disk. However, SSH-2 private keys have no standard format. So a key generated with one client cannot immediately be used with another. The passphrase will be unchanged by this process unless you deliberately change it. To do so, select one of the Export options from the Conversions menu. Exporting a key works exactly like saving it - you need to have typed your passphrase in beforehand, and you will be warned if you are about to save a key without a passphrase.
For OpenSSH there are two options. Modern OpenSSH actually has two formats it uses for storing private keys. Export OpenSSH key will automatically choose the oldest format supported for the key type, for maximum backward compatibility with older versions of OpenSSH; for newer key types like Ed, it will use the newer format as that is the only legal option.
Note that since only SSH-2 keys come in different formats; the export options are not available if you have generated an SSH-1 key.
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When using sshkey authentication to access internal systems e. I used user 's answer to convert the private key as well. Though it collects keys in its own file format i. Exporting a key works exactly like saving it - you need to have typed your passphrase in beforehand, and you will be warned if you are about to save a key without a passphrase. You can now specify a passphrase for the key. Moreover, coming up with a key comment is possible. A lot of people use Cyberduck on Mac. The first approach is to type ssh hostname or ssh user hostname into the terminal window. We recommend enabling them. Aside from that, it is worth pointing out that loading an existing key is possible as well so that you can change the aforementioned details — passphrase and comments as you see fit. The SSH key pair establishes trust between the client and server, thereby removing the need for a password during authentication. Assaf Lavie 3 10